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Журнал нового психоанализа
и новой психоаналитической психотерапии
Ляваса Коварскиса
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Levas Kovarskis. Psychoanalysis as Epistemic Battlefield between Postmodern and Religion Authority Organization
14 Декабря 2018
The scientific world view, which obviously prevails in today’s Western culture, contains a very specific, still not broadly acknowledged value system. One of its most cherished values is rationality. However, when introduced as a value and organizational principle of social life, rationality soon reveals its etymological meaning [1] – relativity: the value of things is relative, it depends on their ratio. Being based on this rational-relative ground scientific World-view represents a very new kind of Episteme and actively builds up a very new moral Authority. Psychoanalysis being as much as it is rational approach to the mind has contributed substantially to the triumph of these Episteme and Authority. However Psychoanalysis itself got lost in the rapidly changing moral environment. As a social institution it has to be politically correct and comply with the postmodern Episteme, so it has to revise its charts the human mind and relational patterns, which it has produced more than a 100 years ago, in the age of early modernity. At that time these charts where bound to the self-evident (epistemic) concepts – family, child, social rules, sanity, maturity, sexual normality, clear cut gender identity, self-evident attribution of guilt and shame, causality and matter. On these “facts” of human life the coordinates of good-bad and normal-abnormal could be easily superimposed. Psychoanalysis and psychotherapy were supposed to move the person along such coordinates as insane-sane, bad-good, abnormal-normal, immature-mature, inhibited-free. These “facts” as well as co-ordinates hardly exist anymore in the postmodern society by postmodern Authority. While Psychoanalysis is trying to reconsider its findings according to the demands of rational postmodern Authority, religions are fighting back offering the group-based security, clear-cut attitude toward sexuality and magical thinking.